Chapter One: Introduction
The chapter will outline the introduction and background of the study topic.
Patients who are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes are likely to go through psychological stages similar to those of bereaved individuals according to the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). Emerging adults with type 1 diabetes experience negative emotions such as stress, anger, tension, hopelessness, and guilt. The negative psychological effects are due to the complexity of the disease. Emerging adults with type 1 diabetes are more likely to be depressed compared to adults. The emerging adults who are transitioning from adolescence to adulthood suffer a challenge to identify and making long-term commitments. Type 1 diabetes is likely to complicate the condition since a person is tempted to feel inadequate to accomplish their goals or guilty about their condition. Therefore, it is important to investigate the psychological impact of type 1 diabetes on emerging adults.
The objective of the study is to examine the psychological impacts of type 1 diabetes on emerging adults.
Chapter Two: Methodology
The chapter presents the blueprint of how the research will be carried out.
The research design will be a prospective study. The study will target 100 emerging adult with type 1 diabetes, 20 parents of emerging adults and 10 healthcare providers involved in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. The data will be collected using structured questionnaires. All the filled questionnaires will be gathered with the help of research assistants. Data reliability and validity will be confirmed by carrying out a pilot study to ensure the data collection tools are reliable and authentic. The data will be analyzed using regression analysis. The identity of the participants will not be revealed without their consent.
Chapter Three: Critical Review
Ashraff, Siddiqui, and Carline (2013) carried out a review of the psychosocial impact of diabetes in adolescents. The review shows that few studies indicate that there is a direct significant positive relationship between psychological functioning and metabolic control among adolescents.
Vallis, Willaing, and Holt (2018) examined the case of type 1 diabetes among emerging adults. The assessment involved survey questions with clinical questions based on Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN) study. The study concluded that emerging adults are at risk of diabetic-related distress.
Palladino et al. (2013) carried out a study on emerging adults with type 1 diabetes: a comparison to peers without diabetes. The study involved questionnaires that were used in collecting the data from high school students. The results of the study indicated that students with type 1 diabetes had low life satisfaction and optimism due to various factors such as depression that occur as a result of the disease.
Baucom, Turner, Tracy, Berg, and Wiebe (2018) examine the depressive symptoms and diabetes management from late adolescence to emerging adulthood. The study involved senior high school students. The findings indicated that students with type 1 diabetes had depressive tendencies.
Bernstein, Stockwell, Gallagher, Rosenthal, and Soren (2013) examined mental health issues in adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes. The study involved 150 patients between 11 to 25 years old. The conclusions of the study demonstrated that it was necessary to screen for mental issues among emerging adults patients with type 1 diabetes.
Chapter Four: Service Improvement
The service improvement strategy is to screen for psychological issues among emerging adults with type 1 diabetes. The screening should be followed with measures to reduce the negative effects of the mental issues such as depression, stress or tension. Additionally, the patients can be taken through the counseling sessions to enable them to cope with the complexities of the disease.
Ashraff, S., Siddiqui, M. A., & Carline, T. E. (2013). The psychosocial impact of diabetes in adolescents: A review. Oman medical journal, 28(3), 159.
Baucom, K. J., Turner, S. L., Tracy, E. L., Berg, C. A., & Wiebe, D. J. (2018). Depressive symptoms and diabetes management from late adolescence to emerging adulthood. Health Psychology, 37(8), 716.
Bernstein, C. M., Stockwell, M. S., Gallagher, M. P., Rosenthal, S. L., & Soren, K. (2013). Mental health issues in adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes: prevalence and impact on glycemic control. Clinical Pediatrics, 52(1), 10-15.
Palladino, D. K., Helgeson, V. S., Reynolds, K. A., Becker, D. J., Siminerio, L. M., & Escobar, O. (2013). Emerging adults with type 1 diabetes: a comparison to peers without diabetes. Journal of pediatric psychology, 38(5), 506-517.
Vallis, M., Willaing, I., & Holt, R. I. G. (2018). Emerging adulthood and Type 1 diabetes: insights from the DAWN2 Study. Diabetic Medicine, 35(2), 203-213.