Metropolitan Areas of the Bi’s Uniform Crime Report Nathan Day University of Phoenix Abstract This paper explores the differences between two metropolitan areas from the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Reports of 2010-2012. You will read about the rates of crime for each area, which area had the most reported Incidents, and did the rates change over time in either area. Also, this paper will explain what factors might explain the difference in the rates for these metropolitan areas and touch bases on what exactly is a Uniform Crime Report.Followed by my conclusion and true study along with references I used at the end. The Bi’s Uniform Crime Report is an official source of crime information published annually by the FBI. The FBI accepts information from reporting law enforcement agencies about criminal arrests and classifies crime according to various index criteria by state or metropolitan areas.
The two metropolitan areas I chose are Gainesville, Georgia, which includes Hall County and Akron, Ohio, which includes Portage and Summit counties. The index crime or offense I will talk about is motor vehicle crime.The City of Gainesville, Georgia in 2010 had a population of 35,657 people. The total reporting was 100 percent. The rat per 100,000 people for motor vehicle crime was 162. 1 in 2010. In the year of 2011, the population grows dramatically to 182,050 people.
The total reporting stayed at 100 percent, but the rate per 100,000 people for motor vehicle crime decreased. The rate per 100,000 people in 2011 was 161. 5. The city of Gainesville, Ga had more reporting incidents than Akron, Ohio. The city of Akron, Ohio along with Portage and Summit counties had a population of 205,760 in 2010. The total reporting was 94. Percent with an estimated of 100 percent.
The motor vehicle rate per 100,000 people in 2010 was 163. 3, which is higher than Gainesville, Georgia in both years of 2010-2011. In 2011, the population also increased for Akron, Ohio to 703,715. The total reporting rate decreased to 91. 6 percent with an estimation of 100, which is lower than their total reporting in 2010, which may be due to the population increase. The motor vehicle crime also increased to 179. 3 per 100,000 people for Akron, Ohio, which is a big step from the rate reported in 2010.
The rates changed over time for both Gainesville, Georgia and Akron, Ohio.The population increased in both areas, but crime seemed to decrease in Gainesville while crime increased for Akron. Most of the crimes committed in Gainesville were done by mostly Juvenile offenders. In Akron, both adults and juveniles are high in committing crime. I read in an article, Wisest Police News 2011, that crime was increasing in Akron, Ohio because the police department were on a very tight budget and sometimes did not have enough officers on the force. Also, that crimes was being solved after they were committed (reactionary force), but things begin to look up in 2012.The Preliminary Report of the I-JAR for 2012, which will be released in full later this year, states that not only did crime decrease for Akron, Ohio and continues to decrease for Gainesville, Georgia, but that crime is decreasing all across the United States.
Three main factors I can think of that attributes to the decrease in crime are incarceration, policing, and government assistance. More and more criminals are going to Jail for their crimes and getting less lighter sentencing, so they are off the streets. Law enforcement agencies are expanding their forces and utilizing technology making it more difficult for criminals o commit crime.Government assistance plays a part because the more help people receive the less they are likely to commit crimes that are stress or financially motivated. My conclusion is that crime is decreasing because there is more assistance from the government. For example, unemployment benefits, food stamps, and healthcare Just to name a few. The less stressed people are the more crime will decrease.
Also, keeping criminals incarcerated that way they cannot become repeat offenders. Gainesville, Georgia along with Hall County seems to be on the right path since crime continues to decrease over the years for them.Akron, Ohio along with Portage and Summit counties had an increase in crime from()-2011, but a decrease in 2012. If they want to continue to have a decrease in crime, their police force should become proactive, which means police are preventing crime before it happens and also educating the citizens about the government assistance out that is out there. For example, getting bus assistance. This can help them out, so cars will less likely be stolen because people will be able to get around more. They also have programs to where there’s a pick-up service for doctor’s appointments, school, etc.